The list was so long I broke it in two. So here is the rest.
Modes that lighten or darken an image in a variety of ways while maintaining the image's integrity.
To distill your work into one cohesive piece of art in which all components are fully integrated and working together.
Images that will print at a high quality, like in a magazine or a poster. The industry standard is 300 pixels per inch.
Image made up of a grid of pixels.
Blending mode that lightens the image using information on the blended layer as brightening information for the layers beneath.
Bitmap images made up of pixels.
Any place in the image where high contrast pixels abut.
How much memory the file takes up on your computer. The greater the number of pixels, the greater the file size.
Adds texture and nuance to an image.
The physical dimensions of an image.
Changing the size of an image.
The number of pixels per inch (ppi).
Unsharp Mask filter
Creates the illusion of sharpness by increasing the contrast at the image”s edges —where high contrast pixels abut.
A type of fill in which you select an area around and including an object you wish to remove from the image. This command will fill the object with whatever surrounded it in the original image.
Healing Brush tool
Tool that clones an area and automatically adjusts the color of the clone to match its new surroundings as closely as possible.
Overlay blending mode
Using this blending mode, you can use the accuracy of a paint brush to lighten or darken problem areas to make them better match surrounding areas.
Term retouchers use for a technique that enhances detail in an image.
A technique that has a powerful application as a retouching solution and is also referred to as the Overlay detail technique.
Tool that works like the Healing Brush tool, but with the added benefit of a visual preview.
Spot Healing Brush
When both the Content Aware and Sample All Layers options are selected, this tool can be used to correct flaws in an image by replacing them with data from surrounding areas in the image.
Term used to indicate the amount of computer memory allocated to each pixel in a Photoshop file.
The raw data files that give you access to the actual data captured when you snapped the photo.
A technique in which a continuous-tone image is reproduced with dots of ink that are various sizes.
Merge to HDR Pro
Utility used to create a composite image of several source files of the same image. It merges the tonal ranges from each to produce a composite with a greater range of detail than your camera could ever capture in a single image.
A screening technique that you can use as an alternative to a conventional halftone. A great alternative to applying a conventional grain overlay and a beautiful, classic effect.
Applied to artwork, it makes the image look as though it has been torn, leaving a rough edge.
Feature that applies filters without permanently altering the original image.
Filter that mimics a long-established effect in photography: mixing both the positive areas with negative areas.
Add blending mode
Blending mode that takes two layer masks, then adds the grayscale values of the pixels in the first with those in the second. The result of the calculation is the new channel.
Algorithms that can be applied when blending one or more images to create special effects.
Color blending mode
Mode that applies the hue and saturation values of the pixels on the active layer to the pixels on the underlying image.
Blending mode that intensifies the color of artwork, as though it were shining a “hard light” on the layers beneath.
Mode used to darken the artwork beneath it.
Mode used to overlay images for special effects. It intensifies all the effects in the image: shadows, highlights, and color.
Mode used to lighten the artwork on the canvas. It is biased towards light and white.
Mode that makes 50% gray pixels disappear and makes brighter areas brighter and darker areas darker. It has a more subtle effect than Overlay mode.
Scratches, grain, creases, grit, raindrops, and so on, can be a powerful force in bringing elements together as a whole, as one complete thought.